Monday, June 25, 2012

Doe Kid Available For Purchase (SOLD)

Amber Waves Georgi Girl (Pending)
DOB: 6/20/12 - DOE (FEMALE)
Price $500.00

Available now as a bottle baby or in six-eight weeks when weaned.


Subject to prior sale
Ship Nationwide and Internationally

Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Pets 101: Pygmy Goats : Video : Animal Planet

Use Strong Goat Fence to Raise Goats or Sheep

Use Strong Goat Fence to Raise Goats or Sheep


Dr. G.F. Kennedy 
     Coccidiosis continues to be a frustrating disease of sheep and goats. There are tools and remedies but none ever seem to give complete protection. The drugs used early in my career were sulfas which were effective against clinical coccidiosis. The problem was that they couldn't be effective if the initial infection was overwhelming. Then along came Corid. It was effective earlier in the cycle, I never have found a place for this product. Rumensin was really the first break through preventative product. It is not approved for use in sheep but can be used for control in goats. It has been used  in the past and still sees limited use in the sheep industry. It is particularly effective against toxoplasmosis abortion and limits coccidiosis exposure when fed to ewes prior to lambing. Deccox is the latest preventative product and is less toxic than Rumensin. It can be mixed with salt and can be fed at increased levels in creep feed to establish control.
     Rumensin has to be fed continuously to work but is very effective. Deccox needs to be fed continuously as well but has a larger window of action and is basically nontoxic. Sulfas have the advantage over amproliums  in treatment because sulfas are effective during clinical stage amproliums are effective for about four days early in the cycle. SQX was a popular sulfa do to price and effectiveness. It did not have systemic effect on secondary infections. Sulfamethazine and sulfadimethoxine are the currently used products and they have systematic effect as well. Injectable antibiotic therapy to control secondary infection is always indicated in severe cases.
     It is important to remember two things when attempting to control coccidiosis. First it takes very little volume of infective material to create disease. Second it is a self-limiting disease, animals develop immunity when exposed. Ideally light exposure and immunity without clinical symptoms. Attaining  proper consumption of coccidiostats is both difficult and essential.

About Us
Sheepletter is published ten times yearly.
Phone                              507-825-4211
Fax                                    507-825-3140
ORDERS ONLY             800-658-2523

Editor: Shannon Bouman   Regular Contributors: GF Kennedy, DVM,
J.D. Bobb, DVM, J.L. Goelz, DVM
Research Editor: J.D. Bobb, DVM  Online Editor: Shannon Bouman 
Veterinary services, procedures, biologicals, and drugs mentioned in this publication represent the personal opinions and clinical observations of the contributing author. They are in no way intended to be interpreted as recommendations without the consent of the producer's own practicing veterinarian. We strongly urge that producers establish a patient-client-veterinarian relationship that allows extra-label use when there are no drugs approved for treatment or if approved drugs are not effective. This procedure allows veterinarians to go beyond label directions when "prudent use" is necessary. The limited availability of drugs and biologics in this country is a major factor in restricting the growth of the sheep industry and allowing producers to compete in the world market place.

Baa, Baa Mama! Goats Remember Their Babies' Cries

Baa, Baa Mama! Goats Remember Their Babies' Cries
Mama goats know when their babies are calling, even a year after separating from them. The research suggests a strong mother-child bond in animals.
See all stories on this topic »

Learn how to raise goats June 23

Learn how to raise goats June 23

SCITUATE - The Scituate Preservation Society continues a series on preserving the animal husbandry in Rhode Island with the program The Fun of Raising "Kids" on Saturday, June 23, from 10 a.m. to noon at Grange Hall, 706 Hartford Pike.
Ray Lapointe from Glocester Greens & Goats will discuss the fun and challenges of raising goats. Topics will include the basics of raising goats; what do you need to start raising goats; are they good pets and what do they eat? Refreshments will be served.
For more information and reservations, contact Sal Lombardi at 401-647-0001.

Eugene Residents Could See Goats Within City Limits

Eugene Residents Could See Goats Within City Limits
But, in fact, goats are probably cleaner than dogs. I think they're better than dogs, actually," says Cheryl Smith, author of "Raising Goats for Dummies".
See all stories on this topic »

Sunday, June 17, 2012

Now accepting deposits on late June-August 2012 kiddings

Now accepting deposits for late June-August 2012 kiddings. Babies can go as bottle babies a few days after birth or when weaned in six to eight weeks. Click on list to enlarge. E-mail for more information
Place a deposit click here 

Saturday, June 16, 2012

View the Goat Health Webinar

View the Goat Health Webinar

Dr. Joan Dean Rowe presented an educational webinar on goat health on January 23, 2012. Dr. Rowe discussed the importance of testing for and strategies to manage herd diseases such as Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL), Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (CAEV) and Mycoplasma.
Dr. Rowe is an associate professor in the Department of Population Health and Reproduction at University of California, Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. She holds DVM, MPVM, and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California, Davis. She completed a residency in food animal reproduction and herd health at UC Davis, and is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine. Dr. Rowe is a clinician on the Food Animal Reproduction & Herd Health Service at the UC Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital. She raises Toggenburg dairy goats and is a licensed dairy goat judge and on the American Dairy Goat Association Board of Directors. Dr. Rowe has current research interests in CAEV, infectious abortion, reproductive performance and small ruminant drug approvals.
Directions to View Webinar   The program can be viewed using the Microsoft Live Meeting Program, which you may need to download (directions included).  During the first 2 minutes of the program, we are coordinating the program audio.  Jeremy Hanson (Fox Valley Tech College) begins the introduction 2 minutes into the program.
View the supporting handouts:

Understanding Anthelmintics

Understanding Anthelmintics 
Steven M. Jones, Associate Professor - Animal Science 
An anthelmintic is a substance that expels or destroys gastrointestinal worms.  The more common name is dewormer or "wormer". Anthelmintics are also called parasiticides, endectocides, nematodcides, parasitics, antiparasitics and drenches.

Co- and Multi-Species Grazing

Co- and Multi-Species Grazing 
Steven M. Jones, Associate Professor - Animal Science

The differences in feeding behavior among cattle, sheep and goats uniquely fit each species to the utilization of different feeds available on a farm. These differences should be considered in determining the best animal species to utilize a particular feed resource.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Vaccinations for sheep and goats

Vaccinations for sheep and goats

Vaccinations are an integral part of a flock health management program. They provide cheap insurance against diseases that commonly affect sheep and goats.

Probably, the only universally recommended vaccine for sheep and goats is CD-T.  CD-T toxoid provides three-way protection against enterotoxemia (overeating disease) caused by Clostridium perfringinstypes C and D and tetanus (lockjaw) caused by Clostridium tetani.  Seven and 8-way combination vaccines for additional clostridial diseases such as blackleg and malignant edema are available, but generally not necessary for small ruminants.

Enterotoxemia type C, also called hemorrhagic enteritis or "bloody scours," mostly affects lambs and kids during their first few weeks of life, causing a bloody infection of the small intestine. It is oftenrelated to indigestion and is predisposed by a change in feed, such as beginning creep feeding or a sudden increase in milk supply.
Enterotoxemia type D, also called "pulpy kidney disease," usually affects lambs and kids over one month of age, generally the largest, fastest growing lambs/kids in the flock. It is precipitated by a sudden change in feed that causes the organism, which is already present in the young animal's gut to proliferate, resulting in a toxic reaction. Type D is most commonly observed in animals that are consuming high concentrate diets, but can also occur in lambs/kids nursing heavy milking dams.
To confer passive immunity to lambs and kids through the colostrum, ewes and does should be vaccinated 2 to 4 weeks prior to parturition. Females giving birth for the first time should be vaccinated twice in late pregnancy, about four weeks apart.
Maternal antibodies will protect lambs and kids for about two months, if offspring have ingested adequate colostrum. Lambs/kids should receive their first CD-T vaccination when they are 6 to 8 weeks old, followed by a booster 2 to 4 weeks later. If pastured animals are later placed in a feed lot for concentrate feeding, producers should consider re-vaccinating them for enterotoxemia type D.

Lambs and kids whose dams were not vaccinated for C and D can be vaccinated with some success at two to three days of age and again in two weeks.  However, later vaccinations will be more successful since colostral antibodies interfere with vaccinations at very young ages.

A better alternative may be to vaccinate offspring from non-vaccinated dams at 1 to 3 weeks, with a booster 3 to 4 weeks later. Anti-toxins can provide immediate short-term immunity if dams were not vaccinated or in the event of disease outbreak or vaccine failure. Lambs and kids whose dams were not vaccinated for tetanus should be given the tetanus anti-toxin at the time of docking, castrating, and disbudding, especially if elastrator bands are used. Rams and bucks should be boostered annually with CD-T.

In addition to CD-T, there are other vaccines that sheep and goat producers may include in the flock vaccination program, depending upon the health status of their flock and the diseases prevalent in their area.

There is a vaccine for sore mouth (contagious ecthyma, orf), a viral skin disease commonly affecting sheep and goats. It is a live vaccine that causes sore mouth lesions at a location (on the animal) and time of the producer’s choosing.  Ewes should be vaccinated well in advance of lambing. To use the vaccine, a woolless area on the animal is scarified, and the re-hydrated vaccine is applied to the spot with a brush or similar applicator. Ewes can be vaccinated inside the ear or under the tail. Lambs can be vaccinated inside the thigh.

Because the sore mouth vaccine is a "live" vaccine and sore mouth is highly contagious to humans, care must be taken when applying the vaccine.  Gloves should be used. Flocks which are free from sore mouth should probably not vaccinate because the vaccine will introduce the virus to the flock/premises. Once soremouth vaccination is begun, it should be continued yearly.

Foot rot (and foot scald)
 is one of the most ubiquitous diseases in the sheep and goat industry. It causes considerable economic loss due to the costs associated with treating it and the premature culling of affected animals. There are two vaccines for foot rot and foot scald in sheep. Neither product prevents the diseases from occurring, but when used in conjunction with other management practices such as selection/culling, regular foot trimming, foot soaking/bathing, etc., can help reduce infection levels. Foot rot vaccines should be administered every 3 to 6 months and especially prior to anticipated outbreaks of hoof problems (i.e. prior to the wet/rainy season).

Caseous lymphadenitis
There is a vaccine for caseous lymphadenitis (CLA, cheesy gland, abscesses) in sheep. CLA affects primarily the lymphatic system and results in the formation of abscesses in the lymph nodes. It is highly contagious. When it affects the internal organs, it becomes in a chronic wasting disease. The cost of CLA to the sheep and goat industry is probably grossly underestimated. The CLA vaccine is convenient to use because it is combined with CD-T. The CLA vaccine should only be used in flocks which do not already show signs of CLA infection.

Abortion is when a female loses her offspring during pregnancy or gives birth to weak or deformed babies. There are vaccines (individual and combination) for several of the agents that cause abortion in sheep: enzootic (EAE, Chlamydia sp.) and vibriosis (Campylobacter fetus).  Abortion vaccines should be administered prior to breeding.

Risk factors for abortion include an open flock and a history of abortions in the flock. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine (available in the U.S.) for toxoplasmosis, another common cause of abortion in sheep. Since the disease-causing organism is carried by domestic cats, the best protection is to control the farm's cat population by spaying/neutering and keeping cats from contaminating feed sources.

Though the risk to sheep and goats is usually minimal, rabies vaccination may be considered if the flock is located in a rabies-infected area and livestock have access to wooded areas or areas frequented by raccoons, skunks, foxes, or other known carriers of rabies. Frequent interaction with livestock may be another reason to consider vaccianting.

The cost of the rabies vaccine relative to the value of the animals should be considered as well. The large animal rabies vaccine is approved for use in sheep. No rabies vaccine is currently licensed for goats. All dogs and cats on the farm should be routinely vaccinated for rabies. Producers should consult their veterinarian regarding rabies vaccination.

In order for vaccination programs to be successful, label directions must be carefully followed and vaccines need to be stored, handled, and administered properly.  Only healthy livestock should be vaccinated. It is also important to note that vaccines have limitations and that the immunity imparted by vaccines can sometimes by inadequate or overwhelmed by disease challenge.

With the increasing role of small ruminants in small farms and sustainable farming systems and the rapid growth of the meat goat industry, hopefully animal health companies will develop and license more vaccines for sheep and especially goats.  Scientists are currently working on vaccines to protect small ruminants against worms.

Read a Ukranian translation of this article.

Copyright © 2004.

Resources and additional reading
Understanding vaccination programs (timing is everything) - by Joe Rook
The use of vaccines in sheep - University of Minnesota
Vaccination schedules to raise antibody concentrations . . . - Cornell University

Created or last updated by Susan Schoenian on 08-Jan-2012 . 

External Parasites of Sheep and Goats

External Parasites of Sheep and Goats1

P. E. Kaufman, P. G. Koehler and J. F. Butler2
Arthropod pests limit production in the sheep and goat industry in many ways. External parasites feed on body tissue such as blood, skin, and hair. The wounds and skin irritation produced by these parasites result in discomfort and irritation to the animal. Parasites can transmit diseases from sick to healthy animals. They can reduce weight gains and milk production. In general, infested livestock cannot be efficiently managed to realize optimum production levels.


Lice are external parasites which spend their entire lives on the sheep or goat. Both immature and adult stages suck the blood or feed on the skin. Goat lice are host specific and only attack goats and their close relatives such as sheep.
Louse-infested animals may be recognized by their dull, matted coat or excessive scratching and grooming behavior. Sucking lice pierce the host's skin and draw blood. Biting lice have chewing mouthparts and feed on particles of hair, scab and skin exudations. The irritation from louse-feeding causes animals to rub and scratch, causing raw areas on the skin or loss of hair. Weight loss may occur as a result of nervousness and improper nutrition. Milk production is reduced about 25 percent. Also, the host is often listless and in severe cases the loss of blood to sucking lice can lead to anemia.
Lice are generally transmitted from one animal to another by contact. Transmission from herd to herd is usually accomplished by transportation of infested animals, although some lice may move from place to place by clinging to flies (phoresy). Lice are most often introduced to herds by bringing in infested animals.
Louse populations vary seasonally, depending largely on the condition of the host. Most sucking and biting lice begin to increase in number during the fall and reach peak populations in late winter or early spring. Summer populations are usually minimal, causing no obvious symptoms. Animals under stress will usually support larger louse populations than normally found.
Control of louse infestations is needed whenever an animal scratches and rubs to excess. Louse control is difficult since pesticides do not kill the louse egg. Since eggs of most species will hatch 8 to 12 days after pesticide application, retreatment is necessary 2 weeks after the first pesticide application.
There are 4 kinds of biting lice and 5 kinds of sucking lice that can attack sheep and goats in Florida.

Biting Lice

The angora goat biting louse, Bovicola limbata and Holokartikos crassipes are the two major biting lice species. The goat biting louse (Figure 1) and the sheep biting louse are of lesser significance.
Figure 1.  
Goat biting louse life cycle.
All four species live on the skin surface feeding on bits of hair and other skin surface debris. Egg hatch requires 9 to 12 days, and the entire life cycle averages 1 month. The biting lice of goats are world-wide in distribution with winter-time populations being most severe. In Florida high populations have been observed year round.
The best control of biting lice is an animal residual spray. Retreatment is recommended 2 weeks after the first pesticide application for most insecticides.

Sucking Lice

Five species of sucking lice attack sheep and goats. The following are of importance:
  1. African blue louse - Found in semi-tropical climates in the United States, India and Puerto Rico. They are found on the body, head, and neck. Heavy populations have caused the death of the host.
  2. Foot louse - This louse prefers the feet and legs of goats and sheep. Populations peak in the spring and at that time the lice may affect the belly area as well. Scrotum infestations on bucks are common. Lambs seem to have the highest infestations. Egg hatch for this species of louse takes longer than the other species. Therefore, retreatment should be applied after 3 weeks for most insecticides.
  3. Goat sucking louse - Populations (Figure 2) are dispersed over the animal's body. It is also found on sheep.
  4. The face and body louse and the long-nosed cattle louse - These are minor pests.
Figure 2.  
Goat sucking louse life cycle.

Nose Bot Fly

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Pygmy Goats: Perfect Pets for Kids

Pygmy Goats: Perfect Pets for Kids
Imogen Reed

Last time we talked about the general suitability of the pygmy as a pet. Anyone considering taking on a pet, whatever the species has to give due consideration to their suitability to your home and family, in particular those with kids wonder will a pet fit in? What do you want to get from the relationship?; which species is good with kids?

Cats, dogs and hamsters are perhaps a more traditional choice of pet, but they are far from the only pet Americans are choosing and choices are becoming ever far reaching. It goes without saying that committing to an animal is never a decision you can take lightly, as it is a commitment for life for them and you.

Pygmies are perhaps not the obvious choice of pet, but popular they are indeed proving to be. As with any animal though, they certainly are not for everyone. They have specific needs and personalities and a long list of demands of their own.

Where do they live?

The obvious first issue for consideration is where will your pygmy live? They need a reasonable area of outdoor roaming space, as well as some indoor provisions. Since they are not big fans of the rain they do need somewhere to take shelter but also somewhere where they can sleep, like a bench (they actually don’t like to sleep on the ground and prefer to be elevated off it a little). A well ventilated barn or out house might be appropriate. You can make it as homely as you want for them. You also need to make it as secure as you can, as they enjoy the challenge of a fence and are pretty well accustomed escape artists - (remember the Billy Goats Gruff?…. the grass is always greener!).

They should not really be kept as lone pets. Goats are incredibly sociable as a species (remember there were three of them over the troll’s bridge) and so they should be kept as a minimum in a pair, if not in a larger group if possible depending on your available space.


Castrated males need to eat grass hay, as the alternatives can cause them urinary calculi. They will also graze on grass and blackberry bushes depending on the terrain, and your flowers depending on the levels of supervision you don’t give them! They also love breads and juicy apples as a treat. Pygmies always need fresh water to be available, as they like to drink a lot.

If you have a doe in heavy milk production she will need some type of high-energy feed besides the material she gets from the pasture. This can be found in grains such as corn, oats, barley and milo; all of these are good energy sources for the feeding doe. Goat milk is, of course a delicious way in which to source your own milk if done responsibly and in the confines of the agricultural laws mentioned. It doesn’t suit everyone’s tastes, and it certainly won’t ever feature in chocolate wedding favours, but it does make amazing and tasty cheese. 

There are a few plants that are poisonous to goats of which you need to be aware, azaleas and rhododendrons are a threat and commonplace in many gardens: they need to be removed or the goats kept absolutely away from these.

Are Goats Good with Children?
Pygmy goats tend to be friendly creatures on the whole and love to be petted, which makes them great for kids. Of course they don’t make for the sort of pet which a child has with them 24/7 and they won’t sit on your lap! As a garden pet though they do make great companions for children. They equally enjoy their own company and so are a little less of a burden than some more needy pets. All goats have a distinct and unique little personality all of their own, some may be more aloof or friendly, depending on the goat. They love to play which is why it is good to have them in groups of more than one; they have a good chit chat between themselves and love stimulating environments. To keep them happy make sure they aren’t bored as bored goats get into mischief and misery.

They are a big commitment, which you have to enter into responsibly, but pygmy goats do make great pets in the right environment. Just give them what they need and they will be loyal and entertaining pets for the years to come!

Friday, June 8, 2012

Learn how to raise goats June 23


Learn how to raise goats June 23

SCITUATE - The Scituate Preservation Society continues a series on preserving the animal husbandry in Rhode Island with the program The Fun of Raising "Kids" on Saturday, June 23, from 10 a.m. to noon at Grange Hall, 706 Hartford Pike.
Ray Lapointe from Glocester Greens & Goats will discuss the fun and challenges of raising goats. Topics will include the basics of raising goats; what do you need to start raising goats; are they good pets and what do they eat? Refreshments will be served.
For more information and reservations, contact Sal Lombardi at 401-647-0001.

Tuesday, June 5, 2012

On Sale in June:  
Wahl Clippers and Replacement Blades 10% Off

June's the time to replace those old clippers and stock up on replacement blades for Wahl, Oster, Clipmaster, and Andis clippers. We put all of our Wahl products on sale once a year, so be sure to order what you need for the 2012 show season by June 30th. You can click here to browse our selection of clippers and blades on sale.

Lister Star and Wahl Arco Clippers

We've done a lot of research over the years and find that the Lister Star and Wahl Arco clippers are "must haves" when we're grooming our goats. Their quality and dependability are outstanding. The Lister is relatively quiet and lighter than most other comparable models. The Arco with its adjustable blade (from #9 - #40 at a touch of the slider) is powerful, cool-running, and versatile. It comes with two drop-in batteries so you'll never run out of clipping power. Both these clippers (and all our other Lister and Wahl clippers) are now on sale through the month of June.

Don't Know What To Do With All That Milk?

Making cheese needn't be difficult. In fact, we have a very simple recipe to make fresh cheese right on our web site ( Give it a try. Everything you need to begin your cheesemaking adventure is available at Caprine Supply. We stock 5 different kits, plus the most popular starter and direct set cultures, all the equipment and supplies you need to make tasty cheese. Give it a try and you'll never have to throw away milk again.

Get Your Bucks (and Does)
Ready for Breeding Season

It's not too early to get your breeding stock ready for breeding season. Be sure to check out our selection of minerals including Buck Power! for your boys and our Capri-Min #1 and Capri-Min #2 for everyone else. Click here to check out these products: For minerals, click on  For anti-stress products, go to  

What Our Customers are
Buying This Spring

  • Our Basic Milking Kits. We have three different kits: The 1-2 Goat Kit that includes a stainless mini-strainer, a pack of filters for that strainer, our five qt. milk pail, one Fight Bac teat spray, and an aluminum strip cup; or the 3 or More Goat Kit that has the larger 4 qt. stainless strainer and milk filters to fit plus an 8 qt. milk pail, Fight Bac, and the strip cup. Our Nigerian Kit substitutes a 2 qt. milk pail in the 1-2 Goat Kit. Buying these kits saves you 15% over buying the products individually. 
  • Anything cheese-related. We sell everything you need to make delicious, healthful cheese.
  • Our Caprine Supply exclusive milk bottles, glasses and bottle carriers. These half gallon milk bottles have been a huge success. You can buy them individually (with a discount for three or more), as a set with glasses, as a set with four bottles and a carrier. You've asked for a one-quart bottle, and we will soon have these in stock along with a handy carrier, so be sure to check back later this month.
  • Fly Predator Insect Control. These stingless wasps come ready to work, helping to prevent flies from being a nuisance. Release them in spots of heavy fly infestation and you should notice a difference. You can order them in quantities of 5,000-25,000 and specify the months you want to receive them. For more information, go to

Customer Rewards Program

Remember that everything you buy at Caprine Supply earns you a 3% credit in our Customer Rewards Program. You can use this credit on a Caprine Supply order $25 or more*. Remember that our Customer Rewards Program expires December 31, 2012, and all credits must be used not later than June 30, 2013.
*Credits are not earned on tax or shipping, nor on purchases made at the ADGA National Show or Convention.

Smart Shipping

We know there are times when you just need a couple of items such as Caprine nipples or tattoo digits or cheese cultures, but the standard shipping fee for your order may be more expensive than the product itself. Well, here's what we do. When we receive this kind of order, we try to find a more economical way to ship it. We can often use padded envelopes and Priority Mail flat rate boxes, and we weigh each order. If the actual shipping cost is less than our standard shipping fee, that's what we will charge you. Your invoice that is packed with your order will reflect that we have charged you the lower shipping fee. Just another way we're trying to give you the best service possible.

New Product Highlight

Our new 10 gallon traditional style milk cans come in two lid styles: mushroom lid and a lid secured by two heavy-duty toggle clamps welded to the sides of the can. Both have a silicone gasket on the lid to prevent leaks. Cans are made of 304 stainless and are polished inside and out. Made to last a lifetime, they are the same fine quality as our 3 gallon milking machine buckets and our 5 gallon milk totes. Reasonably priced at $189 plus shipping, click here to order:


Visit Amber Waves

Visit Amber Waves
Book your on-line appointment today!